Breakthrough is strongly based on attachment theory and research supporting the concept that inadequate or inappropriate attachment in early childhood negatively impacts adults in many areas of functioning. These include, but are not limited to low self-esteem, insecurity in relationships, problems with emotional self-regulation and difficulties in parenting and careers. Viewing issues from a family systems perspective, Breakthrough groups are not focused on blaming parents, or searching for the events that may have caused current problems. The general goal for most clients is to improve quality of life by examining and addressing the “how” of their struggles rather than “why” they struggle. When the past is relevant, Breakthrough professionals will dip into the past to shed light on current issues or to reduce shame.